Cubism: A Brief Synopsis
Cubism is an artistic movement in the early 20th century, characterised by the drawing of a lifelike image of natural forms as geometric structures. It is one of the most influential art movement of the 20th century which was pioneered by Pablo Picasso and Georges Basque in the 20th century.
Its development from 1910-1912 is often referred to as Analytical Cubism. In 1912, it is generally identified as Synthetic Cubism which emphasize the combination or synthesis of forms in the picture. It derived its name from remarks that were made by the Critics Louis Vauxcelles, who derisively described Baques 1908 work Houses at L'Estaque as being composed of cubes.
A lot of people also contributed to Cubism after 1910, which includes Robert Delaunay, Henry Le Fauconnier, Fernard Lèger and Juan Gris, Paul Cezanne, Salvador Dali, Pablo Picasso and others. It also has varieties of term among the varieties of artwork produced in Paris such as Montmartre,Montpammesse and Puteaux.
Characteristics of Cubism
- One of the characteristics of cubism is the artist will create an image from different viewpoints, so instead of staying at one side of something the artist will move the object about.
- Analytical cubism which is the reduction of the image to its basic form, so whatever is painted cannot be recognised any more.
- This is when Picasso and Braque tried to express modern myths to their paintings. They made colours contrast and also made lines contrast by using straight diagnol or curved lines.
The Approach to Cubism
Colour plays a very vital role in cubism while shapes remain fragmented and flat, they are larger and more decorative. In this work, smooth and rough surfaces may be contrasted with another to give a beautiful and sensitive image. Also, frequent foreign materials such as newspapers or tobacco wrappers are pasted on the canvas in combination with painted areas. This technique is known as collage by some and it further emphasizes the differences in texture and at the same time poses the question of what reality is and what illusion is.
In Cubist artwork, objects are analyzed,broken up and reassembled in an abstracted form instead of depicting object from a single viewpoint.
In this 21st century, It can be said that we live in a cubist world because most of what people do today is related to cubism with most things related to their their specific cube in life. Normally, art should imitate nature but cubist were not bound to copying form,texture,colour and space but presented a new reality in painting that depicted radically fragmented objects.
Applications like Dmesho pro which can be used to create pixel shapes in relevance to the image and also create those that aren't relevant to the image is widely used among youngsters. Also, Photoshop and lots more are used for graphics editing by professionals and regular consumers to edit pictures.