5 Basic Art Styles You Need To Know

Art styles dictate the structure and content of all artwork. They basically determine how each artist expresses his or her idea. Intensive learning about the various form of art styles and careful observation about different painters outputs are effective strategies you can deploy when planning to develop your favorite painting style. This post will help in understanding the five most basic art styles most artists adopt in their work. Check them out below:

1.     Realism

This art style is mostly recognized as the real form of art. Here, a subject in a particular artwork is often presented in its real form. In essence, realism replicates the obsolete way of presenting a subject’s appearance in an abstracted or stylized form. Adopters of this art style in most cases create an illusion of space and depth sets the lighting and composition in a way that makes the subject appears real.  

2.     Painterly

The essence of this art style can easily be deduced from its name. This second basic art style is much more concerned about painting. Artists using this art style are fond of exposing each the artwork elements through the use of brushes which help to smoothen any marks that are left in the paint. A typical example of such painterly art style can be found in the painting work of Henri Matisse. It’s important to note that painterly allow artists to work outside the studio and also produce a realistic image. Its shortcoming, however, lies in the artist’s inability to hide their technical work. 

3.     Impressionism

Impressionism, an art style, which started in Europe as far back as over 100 years ago, placed more emphasis on light capturing. Through this technique, the details of illusions and gesture are captured. The bold strokes of color in Monet’s water lilies can easily be seen from a distant location. This is made possible by this art style. This art style ensures that objects retain their realistic appearance and as well maintain their vibrancy. Users of this art style are expected to perform wonders with their work. 

4.     Expressionism and Fauvism

These two styles started to gain recognition and subsequently become popular in several galleries and studios at the beginning of 20thcentury. Despite the fact that both art styles have similar characteristics, they are however different in certain ways. While the expressionist is fond of conveying horrors in human daily life with hyper-stylizedbrush work, fauvism in most cases creates compositions to represent life in an idealized manner. 

 5.     Abstraction

Abstraction as an art style is concerned with the painting of a subject’s essence exactly the artist interprets it instead of the visible details. Artists using this style may choose to minimize the subjects to its prevalent shapes, patterns or colors. In fact, the painter might decide to enlarge the subject or remove it from its background. This action was noticed in Georgia O'Keeffe artwork. The artist flowers and shells stripped of their fine detail and floating against abstract backgrounds, can resemble dreamy landscapes